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What is Phimosis?

Phimosis is the condition of excessive and tight foreskin, such that one cannot retract the skin to expose the glans penis. It may hinder erection and will cause friction during penetration. In some bad cases, it may cause laceration and infection of the foreskin in a condition known as balanitis. If one uses forces to pull the foreskin back excessively, one may cause unfolding of the foreskin in a condition known as paraphimosis, which will need surgery.


It is possible to prevent this by gradually pulling the foreskin back when one is at a young age of 4-5 years. This is usually done in the bathroom when the boy is taking a bath. Using clear water to wash the inside the foreskin is helpful in such situations, hence will reduce the chances of balanitis. Surgery may be recommended like circumcision, which is done as a day surgery procedure and it is usually performed under general anesthesia. The procedure involves the cutting of excessive foreskin and stitching of the remanats of foreskin on to the penis so that the ‘head” part (glans) of the penis will be exposed. The patient will usually require a rest period of 2 weeks before resuming daily work. You may want to discuss further with our urologist for consultation.