Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
What is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia?
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia is an enlargement of the prostate gland. Prostate gland exists in all male and it starts to enlarge as early as 35 years. It is not until later in life that the urinary symptoms occur. Generally, benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) or benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) happens to compress on the urethra and resulting in the obstructing symptoms. As the benign part starts to grow and expand, it will compress the surrounding peripheral parts and cause the formation of a false capsule around it.
observation [mild group, urine retention is low, and patient does not have discomfort]
medication [moderate group]
surgery, i.e. transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) [severe group]
the alpha blockers (relax and reduce the smooth muscle tone surrounding the prostate capsule)
5-alpha reductase (shrink the prostate gland by acting on the male sex hormones)